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Elsewhere in 1893

August 12, 2017

ferris-wheel-1893-granger

A crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression
France takes over Laos and Ivory Coast.
Interests connected to the USA overthrow the Kingdom of Hawaii
The United States Supreme Court legally declares the tomato to be a vegetable
Gandhi arrives in South Africa where he will live until 1914
Lizzie Borden is acquitted of murdering her parents
New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote

Firsts

The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom
The first motion picture studio in West Orange, New Jersey
The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Cultured pearls
The Ferris Wheel
Futebol Clube do Porto, FC Basel, Královské Vinohrady (later Sparta Prague)
The Bahá’í Faith is first publicly mentioned in the United States
Car number plates
St Hilda’s College, Oxford
Antonín Dvořák’s Symphony No. 9 “From the New World”
“Good Morning to All”, which later becomes known as “Happy Birthday to You”.

Births

Big Bill Broonzy, American blues singer and composer (d. 1958)
Jimmy Durante, American actor, singer, and comedian (d. 1980)
Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
Victor Gollancz, British publisher (d. 1967)
Hermann Göring, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
José María Velasco Ibarra, five-time President of Ecuador (d. 1979)
Mississippi John Hurt, American country blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
Harold Lloyd, American actor (d. 1971)
Mao Zedong, Chinese leader (d. 1976)
Gummo Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)
Ivor Novello, Welsh actor and musician (d. 1951)
Leo Ornstein, Russian-born composer and pianist (d. 2002)
Wilfred Owen, English soldier and poet (d. 1918)
Dorothy Parker, American writer (d. 1967)
Prajadhipok, Rama VII, King of Siam (d. 1941)
Dorothy L. Sayers, British crime writer, poet, playwright and essayist (d. 1957)
Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (d. 1987)
Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
Soong Ching-ling, one of the Soong sisters, wife of Chinese president Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
Harold Urey, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
Mae West, American actress, playwright, screenwriter, and sex symbol (d. 1980)

Deaths

Georgiana Drew Barrymore, American actress-comedian (b. 1856)
Lucy Isabella Buckstone, English actress (b. 1857)
Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
Charles Gounod, French composer (b. 1818)
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States (b. 1822)
Guy de Maupassant, French writer (b. 1850)
Lip Pike, American baseball player (b. 1845)
Duleep Singh, ruler of Punjab (b. 1838)
John Addington Symonds, English poet and literary critic (b. 1840)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1840)

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